As part of the negative effects of environmental pollution, the bioavailability of water is today a great problem that worries the whole world.

In the food sector, and specifically for the food safety area, the use and management of this valuable resource is a challenge, since the rational use of drinking water can be decisive, even in terms of business profitability. Also, the Water Control Plan is part of the Prerequisite Program that covers possible risks in the food area.

On the other hand, it is also necessary to be precise with the concept of “water quality”: if we think of the food industry, we require water for cleaning food, for the process of preparing a final food, or for sanitation of the infrastructure, among others; and for each of these uses the type of water we require is different.

In this article, we address the two aspects: how to optimize the use of drinking water and how to rationalize the use of water in the food industry.

How to optimize a rational use of drinking water

Water is essential for food and nutrition security, be it from a domestic to an industrial scale.

Water Monitoring Systems Use

These Are Some Control Strategies, Depending On The Different Scenarios:

Generate a “water culture”. That is to say, promoting at all levels of the organization a commitment to responsibility regarding the rational use of water. All and absolutely everyone, we are responsible and we can do things to take care of water. As a consequence of a critical spirit, we must ask ourselves when we need clean water and when we don’t.

Water versus energy. In the case of industries, water is closely linked to energy generation. In food safety, in turn, cleaning and disinfection processes usually require potable water, or, failing that, processes that ensure the elimination of microorganisms. If we think about temperature control systems, such as pasteurization, water consumption can be very important: the design of the process, the machinery involved, and their arrangement, among others, should be part of our priorities.

Development Of The Drinking Water Networks Control And Management System

For the development of the system, several aspects were defined, such as the boundaries between the system and the external environment of the project. Scopes and boundaries were identified, as well as the parameters in which the objectives and expectations were defined were established.

Therefore, for the development of this system, a methodology was established with which the system can be fed back in its different phases, and at the same time have a systematic development for this project.

The Methodology Used Was Integrated With The Following Phases:

  • Preliminary studies
  • Analysis and design
  • Development and execution
  • Implantation
  • Production and Maintenance

Quality Criteria For Water For Human Consumption

Water quality refers to the sanitary criteria that must be met so that its use does not pose a risk to human health. These quality criteria are based on quality parameters, whose values ​​cannot be exceeded, which are included in Annex I of RD 140/2003. They can be classified as:

Microbiological Quality Criteria

  • Chemical quality criteria
  • Physical quality criteria
  • Organoleptic quality criteria.
  • Sources of water supply

The water control plan must clearly state which is the company’s water supply source, as it will condition the rest of the actions of the plan. In practice, three situations are distinguished:

  • Food companies connected to a public distribution network.
  • Food companies are connected to a public distribution network with a deposit at their facilities.
  • Food companies are supplied totally or partially with water from their sources or catchments.

Hydraulic systems have gained use and applicability on a large scale in the process driven by industrial manufacturing technology. Although hydraulic technology is old, it is still a dominant system in the modern industrial manufacturing process. The hydraulic system could be adapted for the use of small industries to heavy industry. Part of its popularity is that no other system has been as efficient and effective at transferring energy through small tubes or hoses and other hard-to-reach parts.

The hydraulic system is used to multiply the force exerted, and to generate the maximum energy to be used to carry out the desired function. It uses fluid power actuators to perform various functions. All hydraulic systems use high-pressure fluids, also called hydraulic fluids, distributed throughout the machine or in various components of the machine to produce the desired energy.

Industrial Manufacturing Process

 Many of the items that require significant power and strength, such as tool making, are often based on hydraulic technology and processes. Automobile production assembly lines make extensive use of hydraulic systems and processes. Other heavy-duty production machines, such as those used for large-scale publishing and printing, also use hydraulic technology.


Currently, the applications of oleo hydraulics and pneumatics are very diverse, an amplitude that is mainly due to the design and manufacture of elements of greater precision and with better quality materials, in addition to more specialized studies of the materials and principles of hydraulics and pneumatics. This advance has been reflected in equipment that allows increasingly precise work with higher energy levels, which has allowed growing industrial development.

Two Types Can Be Distinguished Within The Hydraulic, Mobile, And Industrial Applications:

1-. Mobile Applications:

This uses the energy provided by air and oil under pressure, being able to fulfill the functions of transport, excavation, lifting, drilling, material handling, control, and driving mobile vehicles such as tractors, cranes, backhoes, collector trucks garbage, front loaders, truck brakes, and suspension, etc.

2-. Industrial:

In the industrial sector it is of great importance to have specialized machinery to control, drive, position and mechanize elements or materials typical of the production line, to obtain these functions the energy provided by compressed fluids is used regularly.

It Is Applied In:

  • Machinery for the plastic industry.
  • Machine tools.
  • Machinery for food processing.
  • Equipment for robotics and automated manipulation.
  • Equipment for industrial assembly.
  • Machinery for mining.
  • Machinery for the steel industry.
  • Other applications that can occur in motor vehicles, such as automobiles, aerospace applications, and naval applications, in the field of medicine and other areas in which highly controlled and high precision movements, are needed, as follows:
  • Automotive sector: suspension, brakes, steering, cooling, etc.
  • Aeronautical Sector: rudders, ailerons, landing gears, brakes, simulators, aeronautical maintenance equipment, etc.
  • Naval Sector: rudder, transmission mechanisms, control systems, specialized systems of ships or military ships
  • Medicine: Surgical instruments, operating tables, hospital beds, dental chairs, and instruments, etc.
  • As can be seen, hydraulics and pneumatics have such varied applications that they can be used even in theater, cinematography, parks, drawbridges, underwater drilling platforms, elevators, car lifting tables, etc.

The hydraulic energy process is considered a clean process, that is, it does not produce or give rise to waste or the emission of gases or solid particles that pollute the atmosphere. It starts with studying the region and it takes a lot of economic and human capital to carry it out.

Hydraulic Systems:

This can be found today in a wide variety of applications, from small assembly processes to integrated steel and paper applications. Hydraulics allow the operator to perform extremely important jobs (for example, lifting heavy loads, turning a shaft, drilling precision holes, etc.) with minimal investment by mechanical equipment by applying Pascal’s law, which says that: the pressure applied to a fluid confined at any point is transmitted without diminishing through the fluid in all directions and acts on each part of the containment container at right angles to its interior surfaces and also on similar areas.

Let’s take an example to better understand the process under which a hydraulic system operates: applying Pascal’s law and Brahma’s contributions it can be seen that an input force of, for example, 100 pounds in 10 square inches will develop a pressure of 10 pounds per square inch through the confined container. This pressure will support a weight of up to 1000 pounds if the area of ​​the weight is 100 square inches. As will be noted, the principle of Pascal’s law is realized in a hydraulic system thanks to the fluid that is used to transmit energy from one point to another. Because this fluid is almost incompressible, it is capable of instantly transmitting energy.