Hydraulic systems have gained use and applicability on a large scale in the process driven by industrial manufacturing technology. Although hydraulic technology is old, it is still a dominant system in the modern industrial manufacturing process. The hydraulic system could be adapted for the use of small industries to heavy industry. Part of its popularity is that no other system has been as efficient and effective at transferring energy through small tubes or hoses and other hard-to-reach parts.
The hydraulic system is used to multiply the force exerted, and to generate the maximum energy to be used to carry out the desired function. It uses fluid power actuators to perform various functions. All hydraulic systems use high-pressure fluids, also called hydraulic fluids, distributed throughout the machine or in various components of the machine to produce the desired energy.
Industrial Manufacturing Process
Many of the items that require significant power and strength, such as tool making, are often based on hydraulic technology and processes. Automobile production assembly lines make extensive use of hydraulic systems and processes. Other heavy-duty production machines, such as those used for large-scale publishing and printing, also use hydraulic technology.
Currently, the applications of oleo hydraulics and pneumatics are very diverse, an amplitude that is mainly due to the design and manufacture of elements of greater precision and with better quality materials, in addition to more specialized studies of the materials and principles of hydraulics and pneumatics. This advance has been reflected in equipment that allows increasingly precise work with higher energy levels, which has allowed growing industrial development.
Two Types Can Be Distinguished Within The Hydraulic, Mobile, And Industrial Applications:
1-. Mobile Applications:
This uses the energy provided by air and oil under pressure, being able to fulfill the functions of transport, excavation, lifting, drilling, material handling, control, and driving mobile vehicles such as tractors, cranes, backhoes, collector trucks garbage, front loaders, truck brakes, and suspension, etc.
In the industrial sector it is of great importance to have specialized machinery to control, drive, position and mechanize elements or materials typical of the production line, to obtain these functions the energy provided by compressed fluids is used regularly.
It Is Applied In:
- Machinery for the plastic industry.
- Machine tools.
- Machinery for food processing.
- Equipment for robotics and automated manipulation.
- Equipment for industrial assembly.
- Machinery for mining.
- Machinery for the steel industry.
- Other applications that can occur in motor vehicles, such as automobiles, aerospace applications, and naval applications, in the field of medicine and other areas in which highly controlled and high precision movements, are needed, as follows:
- Automotive sector: suspension, brakes, steering, cooling, etc.
- Aeronautical Sector: rudders, ailerons, landing gears, brakes, simulators, aeronautical maintenance equipment, etc.
- Naval Sector: rudder, transmission mechanisms, control systems, specialized systems of ships or military ships
- Medicine: Surgical instruments, operating tables, hospital beds, dental chairs, and instruments, etc.
- As can be seen, hydraulics and pneumatics have such varied applications that they can be used even in theater, cinematography, parks, drawbridges, underwater drilling platforms, elevators, car lifting tables, etc.
The hydraulic energy process is considered a clean process, that is, it does not produce or give rise to waste or the emission of gases or solid particles that pollute the atmosphere. It starts with studying the region and it takes a lot of economic and human capital to carry it out.
This can be found today in a wide variety of applications, from small assembly processes to integrated steel and paper applications. Hydraulics allow the operator to perform extremely important jobs (for example, lifting heavy loads, turning a shaft, drilling precision holes, etc.) with minimal investment by mechanical equipment by applying Pascal’s law, which says that: the pressure applied to a fluid confined at any point is transmitted without diminishing through the fluid in all directions and acts on each part of the containment container at right angles to its interior surfaces and also on similar areas.
Let’s take an example to better understand the process under which a hydraulic system operates: applying Pascal’s law and Brahma’s contributions it can be seen that an input force of, for example, 100 pounds in 10 square inches will develop a pressure of 10 pounds per square inch through the confined container. This pressure will support a weight of up to 1000 pounds if the area of the weight is 100 square inches. As will be noted, the principle of Pascal’s law is realized in a hydraulic system thanks to the fluid that is used to transmit energy from one point to another. Because this fluid is almost incompressible, it is capable of instantly transmitting energy.